Smart Money Podcast: Your Money in 2023: Investing in the Stock Market

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The investing data supplied on this web page is for academic functions solely. NerdWallet doesn’t supply advisory or brokerage providers, nor does it suggest or advise traders to purchase or promote explicit shares, securities or different investments.

Welcome to NerdWallet’s Good Cash podcast, the place we reply your real-world cash questions.

This week’s episode is all about investing in 2023.

Try this episode on any of those platforms:

Our take

Traders seemingly had a wild experience in 2022, relying on how a lot they let the swings of the stock market get to them. And that’s one takeaway from final 12 months: Don’t let the day-to-day ups and downs fear you an excessive amount of. Appearing from a spot of worry can result in choices you’ll remorse later. And making an attempt to time the market just isn’t a sound investing technique. 

Many monetary advisors will say that so long as you’re making common contributions to your accounts via the highs and lows — a method referred to as “dollar-cost averaging” — you might be on observe to construct wealth over the long term. And if the inventory market continues its erratic streak in 2023, think about not your retirement accounts too typically to keep away from feeling anxious. 

Should you’re new to investing and need to get began this 12 months, begin by understanding your targets and what accounts might help you meet them. For a lot of newcomers, meaning organising a retirement account. Office accounts, like a 401(ok), are an accessible choice for a lot of. So are individual retirement accounts, each Roth and conventional. 

Our suggestions

  • There’s nothing mistaken with being boring: A easy, well-diversified portfolio has extra dependable beneficial properties than an funding technique the place you attempt to time the market.

  • Take into consideration the long run: Markets go up and down, so focus in your time horizon to keep away from getting caught up within the swings of the day. Time horizon simply means how lengthy earlier than you’ll want to make use of the cash invested. 

  • Take one step at a time: Should you’re new to investing, discover your choices — together with retirement accounts, brokerage accounts or robo-advisor accounts — to know which might help you meet your investing targets. 

Extra about investing on NerdWallet:

Episode transcript

Liz Weston: Welcome to the NerdWallet Good Cash podcast, the place you ship us your cash questions and we reply them with the assistance of our genius Nerds. I am Liz Weston.

Sean Pyles: And I am Sean Pyles. To contact the Nerds, name or textual content us on the Nerd hotline at 901-730-6373. That is 901-730-NERD, or e mail us at [email protected].

Liz Weston: Comply with us wherever you get your podcast to get new episodes in your feed each Monday. And for those who like what you hear, please go away us a evaluation and inform a good friend. This episode, we’re persevering with our collection all about how one can arrange your cash in 2023 to fulfill your targets and luxuriate in a life effectively spent.

Sean Pyles: And this time round, we’re speaking with investing Nerd Sam Taube about investing in 2023, together with how you can make investments when the financial system is shaky, what classes we are able to study from 2022 and the way yow will discover the very best funding instruments to your targets. Welcome to Good Cash, Sam.

Sam Taube: Thanks for having me. Joyful to be right here.

Sean Pyles: The final 12 months have been fairly tough for traders. I am questioning what your classes are and what you take away from 2022.

Sam Taube: I’ve had a few interrelated classes that I’ve taken away from 2022. The primary one is to diversify and never put all your eggs in a single basket. And the second is to pay attention to recency bias, which is the very pure human tendency to imagine the developments from the current previous are going to proceed indefinitely. 

For instance, large tech shares had been among the largest winners within the inventory market within the 2010s. And in addition, within the first few years of the 2020s, they rose a lot quicker than the indexes just like the S&P 500. However they had been among the largest losers in 2022. Alphabet, which I personal just a few shares of, was down a few third at one level. Amazon, at one level this 12 months, was down nearly half. And Meta, at one level this 12 months, was down about two-thirds. Crypto is one other instance. We had this unbelievable bull market from 2020 to late 2021. Bitcoin and Ethereum doubled in worth a number of occasions over throughout that point, however as of this recording, they’re each down greater than two-thirds.

Liz Weston: Now, I’ve a really dependable indicator for when a market has hit its peak. It is that once I begin to assume, “Hey, perhaps I ought to put money into that,” then issues go to heck in a handbasket.

Sam Taube: In fact. You may hear from many monetary advisors that, in relation to funding choice, diversification is essential, boring is de facto good. And there is been a playing habits that has paid very effectively over the previous few years of creating these large bets on fashionable investments which are going “to the moon,” as the children say. And final 12 months has been a lesson in why that is not such a good suggestion.

Sean Pyles: We noticed some individuals make a great sum of money from the meme shares like AMC, however we additionally noticed lots of people lose cash that they put into that as a result of when there’s a large bubble, there are going to be winners, however there are going to be extra losers than winners in relation to one thing like that.

Sean Pyles: Nicely, with the caveat that we’re not monetary or funding advisors, and won’t inform you what to do along with your cash, Sam, I would like to listen to the way you personally are approaching investing in 2023.

Sam Taube: Personally, I’m approaching investing in 2023 the very same method I did in 2022 in relation to what I am shopping for and the way I am shopping for it. It may be tempting to attempt to time the market and to attempt to change your technique based mostly on the newest ups and downs and attempt to purchase on the backside and promote on the prime. However they’ve accomplished research on this. The funding financial institution Brown Brothers Harriman did a examine on market timers and located that the overwhelming majority of them find yourself shedding cash on account of this.

Delia Fernandez, who’s an authorized monetary planner, who we have consulted for plenty of articles, instructed me to keep in mind that we’re in it for the long run. She recommends dollar-cost averaging, which is an method the place you make small, frequent contributions to your funding account, whether or not that is an IRA, or a 401(ok) or a brokerage account. The thought is to speculate steadily over time and never essentially fear about whenever you’re getting in and whenever you’re getting out.

Sean Pyles: Greenback-cost averaging is a type of phrases that may appear very complicated and jargony to those that are newer to investing. However I believe people ought to understand that, if they’ve common contributions to a 401(ok) or an IRA already arrange, they’re dollar-cost averaging already, so congratulations.

Sam Taube: Yep. It is a default.

Liz Weston: They’re shopping for extra shares when the costs are down and fewer shares when the costs go up. That is mainly dollar-cost averaging.

Sam, it is broadly anticipated that we’ll enter a recession this 12 months. How is investing in a recession completely different from investing in much less scary occasions?

Sam Taube: Nicely, earlier than I reply that query, I need to gently push again and qualify that assertion. There definitely is a powerful risk of it. And on the one hand, surveys have proven {that a} majority of economists assume we’ll have a recession, and we do have some recessionary alerts within the financial system, like a giant drop within the inventory market, rising rates of interest, rising unemployment. But it surely’s essential to keep in mind that, for one factor, economists do not have the very best observe document when making these sorts of predictions. And second, there are some indicators that we might keep away from a recession. The Fed is speaking about slowing down the rise in rates of interest as a result of it appears to be like like inflation could also be cooling off. The financial system itself remains to be increasing as measured by GDP, and there is a risk that shares might have already hit their backside and began to rebound.

Now, having mentioned all these qualifiers, for lots of people, the very best transfer in a recession — if now we have one — is definitely simply to maintain doing what they have been doing earlier than. As I used to be saying earlier, market timing simply is not a sensible transfer. It’d really feel counterintuitive to place more cash into shares after they’re falling, however it means you are getting a greater value for these shares than after they’re going up. Should you do need to attempt to make the most of a possible recession, a comparatively protected factor you are able to do is attempt to take a look at sectors of the market that are typically comparatively recession-resistant, like well being care or client staples.

Well being care specifically has been studied for its relative recession resistance. There was a 2021 paper printed by the Nationwide Bureau of Financial Analysis, which confirmed that well being care hiring stays actually regular throughout recessions as a result of, even when occasions are powerful, individuals nonetheless want medication.

Sean Pyles: That looks like a very rational solution to method investing once we are perhaps in a recession, however nonetheless in a scary time within the financial system. However we all know that lots of people, loads of our choices that we make aren’t rational. So I believe it may be useful to method issues in an affordable method as a substitute of making an attempt to be totally rational. How do you assume individuals can discover the very best of each worlds? They will perhaps have a give attention to investing and never get too scared when the inventory market or the financial system looks like it is just a little wobbly.

Sam Taube: I believe that that is one of many perks of getting an automatic set-it-and-forget-it method, like dollar-cost averaging, is that it implies that you do not have to take a look at the scary detrimental numbers as a lot and you’ll simply keep the course with out doing something. I might say that, though there are sectors that outperform throughout a recession, like well being care, for those who’re going that route, you might be in all probability going to be spending extra time worrying about your portfolio’s one-day returns.

So I might say that in case you have a weak abdomen for seeing these detrimental numbers, which definitely could be very scary, a extra automated set-it-and-forget-it method may be best for you.

Sean Pyles: Yeah. There’s additionally nothing mistaken with not your retirement account for weeks on finish. I will say perhaps you examine in on it quarterly or just a few occasions a 12 months, however you do not should be monitoring it each single day as a result of the ups and the downs of the inventory market can really feel much more important and nerve-wracking whenever you’re following it on daily basis.

Liz Weston: And folks typically assume that they’ll someway keep away from the worst of the market and nonetheless bounce again in time to catch the upswing. And the very fact is that is actually, actually exhausting. Typically the market strikes actually quick.

Sam Taube: Yep. And we are able to solely actually establish the highest and the underside on reflection.

Sean Pyles: I believe individuals can lose sight of the larger image in relation to investing, which is the truth that they’re seemingly not retiring for a few years. And after they look again perhaps a decade, 20 years, three many years from now, they are going to in all probability have forgotten the nervousness they felt on this second, however they are going to be glad that they stayed invested if that is what they determined to do.

Liz Weston: Yeah. And even when they’re retiring fairly quickly, they’re in all probability going to reside just a few many years, so that they nonetheless want the inflation-beating energy that solely shares can supply. In order that they nonetheless must have a giant chunk of their portfolio invested.

Sean Pyles: It is not just like the day you retire, you pull all your cash out of the inventory market. Proper?

Liz Weston: That isn’t a good suggestion.

Sean Pyles: Nicely, I need to present some steerage for folk who may be newer to investing, perhaps aren’t even certain how you can get into the sport, however need to begin in 2023. Sam, what do you assume is an efficient solution to begin investing?

Sam Taube: Yeah. Once more, we must always disclaim right here that that is academic data and one shouldn’t interpret this as monetary recommendation. However having mentioned that, step one, for those who’re actually new to investing, is clearly to open an account. Should you’re investing for retirement, this might imply a 401(ok) in case your office presents it, or an IRA if they do not. Should you’re investing for a shorter-term objective like, I do not know, shopping for a home or one thing, you would possibly need to open a taxable brokerage account.

After which, the following step from there may be to get your self some low-cost mutual funds or exchange-traded funds, which can provide you regular returns and assist you management your threat. There are just a few alternative ways you possibly can go along with that, relying on how hands-on you need to be. Should you actually desire a set-it-and-forget-it choice, and also you’re utilizing a retirement account, then you definitely would possibly need to look right into a goal date fund. That is mainly a diversified set of inventory funds and bond funds which are packaged into one funding for you. And whenever you’re younger, it begins out very stock-heavy. After which, as you age, it mechanically adjusts itself to turn into extra conservative and bond-heavy as you method retirement. However in fact, goal date funds are usually solely out there in retirement accounts. If that is not an choice, you can even take a look at robo-advisors, that are the identical precept. They are a hands-off, automated, self-adjusting portfolio that invests your cash in a bespoke set of ETFs for you.

After which, if you wish to be just a little extra hands-on, you should purchase some index funds your self and modify the proportions your self over time. Probably the most fundamental methods to do that is with the two-fund portfolio, which is only a world inventory market ETF and a complete bond market ETF. And you will get just a little extra advanced if you’d like, with a three-fund portfolio, which might be an S&P 500 ETF, a complete bond market ETF and a global non-U.S. inventory ETF. There’s a complete bunch of those lazy portfolios, as they’re generally referred to as, that yow will discover on-line.

Liz Weston: The explanation we’re speaking about ETFs is that they are typically even cheaper than index mutual funds, proper?

Sam Taube: That is appropriate. Very low expense ratios.

Liz Weston: And that issues an enormous quantity in ensuring that you simply get as a lot out of your cash as you presumably can, is controlling the charges.

Sam Taube: And one different caveat I need to add is, for those who go the lazy portfolio route the place you are shopping for your personal index funds, that does imply that you need to do the adjusting. So you need to keep in mind to rebalance your funds yearly or so. Meaning promoting just a little little bit of the funds which have accomplished effectively and shopping for just a little extra of the funds that have not accomplished as effectively in order that the whole lot stays in its supposed steadiness, which, once more, goes to be very stock-heavy whenever you’re younger after which extra bond-heavy as you method retirement.

Sean Pyles: One factor that I run into so much once I discuss with people who find themselves newer to investing is that merely discovering the fitting account could be actually complicated. There are a selection of various corporations that provide completely different sorts of accounts, so I am questioning the way you assume individuals ought to method procuring round and discovering the fitting accounts for his or her wants.

Sam Taube: Yeah. There are some things that you simply need to think about there. One is what you need to put money into. Would you like entry to only shares and bonds and ETFs? Would you like mutual funds? Would you like cryptocurrency? As a result of not each brokerage essentially presents all these, notably in relation to cryptocurrency. 

One other factor is the account minimal. Plenty of brokerages have reduce this right down to zero, however not all of them. So it is value studying the high-quality print to see if there is a minimal quantity that you might want to make investments. And one other factor that is related that you simply need to take a look at are the upkeep charges and the buying and selling commissions. As soon as once more, these have dropped to zero amongst loads of brokerages, however not all of them. So it is good to only double-check the charges, the minimums, the phrases and circumstances. And NerdWallet has a set of roundups which evaluate completely different brokerages alongside all of the metrics I’ve listed right here — so, fairly simple to search out this data with us.

Sean Pyles: Yeah, additionally, NerdWallet’s 2023 Best-Of Awards, an inventory of the very best monetary merchandise curated by our Nerds, has simply dropped. I extremely suggest that people examine this out in the event that they’re available in the market for a brand new funding account or actually another monetary product. We’ll hyperlink to that in our present notes put up at

Sam, one other factor I need to get your thought on in relation to procuring round is — perhaps might sound just a little bit extra superficial — however it’s the interface of those apps, as a result of generally moving into these apps and platforms generally is a little bit intimidating. How do you assume that comes into play when somebody is procuring round? Ought to they weigh that extra closely than the charges they may pay that permits them to even get into an account and so they’ll use it extra? Or the place do you assume that matches in?

Sam Taube: It is exhausting to say whether or not that is extra essential than the charges as a result of, on the finish of the day, that is your cash, however it definitely is a consideration, and that is one other factor that we rating brokers for in our opinions at NerdWallet. On the very user-friendly facet, you’ve got obtained apps like, say, Robinhood, which are actually designed to be streamlined and easy and beginner-friendly, however they may have extra restricted capabilities than one thing like an Interactive Brokers or a Webull, that are each platforms which are designed for extra seasoned day merchants.

Sean Pyles: And people corporations you talked about are NerdWallet companions, appropriate?

Sam Taube: They’re, sure.

Sean Pyles: And I discussed that as a result of it might sound foolish to pay extra in charges for an account simply because it appears to be like nicer in your cellphone, however that’s how lots of people method procuring round for platforms that they need to use.

Sam Taube: Completely. I imply, if it’s the distinction between utilizing it and never utilizing it, that definitely may be value paying just a little extra for.

Sean Pyles: Nicely, Sam, thanks a lot for sharing your insights with us and our listeners.

Sam Taube: Thanks for having me on. It has been nice.

Sean Pyles: With that, let’s get on to our takeaway suggestions. Liz, will you please begin us off?

Liz Weston: Sure. First and most significantly, there may be nothing mistaken with being boring. A easy, well-diversified portfolio has extra dependable beneficial properties than an funding technique the place you attempt to time the market.

Sean Pyles: Subsequent, take into consideration the long run. Markets go up and down, so focus in your time horizon to keep away from getting caught up within the swings of the day.

Liz Weston: Lastly, take it one step at a time. Should you’re new to investing, discover your choices, together with retirement accounts, brokerage accounts or robo-advisor accounts, to know which might help you meet your investing targets.

Sean Pyles: And that’s all now we have for this episode. If you’d like the Nerds to reply your cash questions, name or textual content us on the Nerd hotline at 901-730-6373. That is 901-730-NERD. You may as well e mail us at [email protected] Go to for more information on this episode. And keep in mind to observe, charge and evaluation us wherever you are getting this podcast. 

This episode was produced by Liz Weston and myself. Kaely Monahan edited our audio. And a giant thanks to all the parents on the NerdWallet copy desk for his or her assist.

Liz Weston: And here is our temporary disclaimer. We’re not monetary or funding advisors. This Nerdy information is supplied for basic academic and leisure functions and will not apply to your particular circumstances.

Sean Pyles: And with that mentioned, till subsequent time, flip to the Nerds.


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